Goals & Objectives

  • To provide exposure to a broad range of acute and chronic nephrologic problems in adults.
  • To develop familiarity with principles, clinical indications, complications and performance of nephrologic procedures including acute hemodialysis , renal biopsy, vascular access placement, and continuous renal replacement therapy.
  • To understand the pathophysiology of disorders of renal salt and water metabolism and renal diseases and their treatments.

Team Structure

  • Attending 
  • Renal Fellow
  • Medical Resident
  • Medical Student

Principal Teaching Methods

Case discussions and review

Case-based discussions and review conferences weekly including nephrology clinical conference, clinic conference and nephrology professor's rounds.


Direct supervision of patient care by attending physician on daily patient care rounds seven days per week and in outpatient clinic.


  • Didactic teaching conferences and lectures by attendings and by clinical fellows
  • Weekly Renal Grand Rounds
  • Weekly nephrology Professor Rounds
  • Monthly HMC nephrology Journal Club
  • Monthly renal biopsy conferences

Educational Content

Mix of Diseases

Patients encountered include those with: acute kidney injury in the intensive care unit setting, recipients of kidney and kidney-pancreas transplants and a variety of acute and chronic diseases of the kidney referred for tertiary care and management. Consultative services are provided to patients with a variety of disorders of fluid and electrolyte metabolism on multiple different hospital services

Patient Characteristics

Patients seen encompass a broad social economic spectrum including Medicaid, Medicare, prepaid managed care and privately insured patients. The ethnic mix reflects that of the city of Seattle. Most patients with end-stage renal disease, including those with a functioning renal transplant are covered by Medicare.

Types of Clinical Encounters

  • Inpatient consultation
  • Intensive care unit consultation and management 
  • Outpatient renal and transplant clinics


Acute hemodialysis, continuous veno-venous hemofiltration (CVVH), CVVH with dialysis (CAVHD) ultrafiltration, plasma exchange, vascular access placement and renal biopsy.


A full range of consultative and clinical services covering all aspects of nephrologic care are provided. This includes outpatient renal and transplant clinic, emergency room, intensive care unit, hypertension clinic, and access to all procedures listed above.

Call and Weekend Responsibilities


Principal Educational Materials Used

Recommended Readings

Computer access to internet and medical literature searches

Pathologic materials

Three hundred renal biopsies reviewed annually

Evaluating Resident and Program Performance

At the end of the rotation, the resident/student is evaluated in writing and their performance reviewed with them verbally by every attending and fellow he or she has interacted with for a significant amount of time. The evaluator rates the resident/student on a nine-point scale in each component of clinical competence (i.e. patient care, medical knowledge, practice based learning improvement, interpersonal and communication skills, professionalism, system based learning, educational attitudes, leadership, overall clinical competence).

The resident/student is given the opportunity to evaluate in writing the quality of the curriculum and the extent to which the educational goals and objectives of the rotation have been met. The resident also evaluates the teaching competence of each attending and fellow with whom s/he has interacted for a significant amount of time.

Explicit Lines of Responsibility for Care of Patients on this Service

Direct supervision of patient care by attending physician on daily patient care rounds seven days per week and in outpatient clinic.

Final responsibility for patient care rests with the faculty attending on the renal consult service. Faculty attendings are available by digital pager 7days/week/24hrs/day and make rounds 7 days/week at the bedside. Renal fellows report directly to the faculty attending and the nephrology resident/student report to renal fellow and attending.


Decisions regarding the overall plan of management for renal patients are primarily the responsibility of the attending physician. The attending will also provide didactic and interactive formal teaching rounds on a daily basis. Separate attendings will cover the renal consult service.


The fellow on the renal consult service is responsible for the renal care of all patients referred for consultation or undergoing renal dialysis. In conjunction with the attending, the fellow will plan the evaluation and management of patients including orders for renal procedures such as dialysis, CVVH, plasma-pheresis and renal biopsy. The fellow will attend work rounds every morning with his/her team. While providing direction in renal management, the fellow allows the medical resident and student to provide direction and regular medical care. The fellow supervises the resident/student in renal procedures. When appropriate, the fellow provides references and articles relevant to particular patient problems. Fellows are also responsible for a group of outpatients with chronic renal failure and for responding to renal-related emergency calls from outpatients, area dialysis facilities and the emergency room.


The resident/student on the renal consult service shares responsibility for patient evaluation with the fellow. While the fellow and attending will provide the primary direction of the patient’s renal care, the resident/student directs the often-complicated medical management of these patients.